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File:Track stand Atlanta CM.jpg

The track stand is a technique that bicycle riders can use to stay balanced on their bicycles by holding their weight equally on both feet and while moving only minimal distances.

Origin and use Edit

The term originated from use of the technique by track cyclists[1] prior to starting, or as a tactic in track sprinting whereby riders will initially ride very slowly and maneuver across the track in an effort to get their rival to take the lead so that they can then draft or slipstream behind, conserving energy for the final sprint.[2]

The track stand can be useful, therefore other types of cyclists also use the technique.[3] Road cyclists use it while stopped in traffic, especially at red lights,[1] Mountain bikers use it in difficult terrain to determine a path and BMX cyclists use it in preparation for tricks.[3] The track stand is most easily accomplished on a fixed gear bicycle.

Technique Edit

A cyclist executing a basic track stand holds the bicycle's cranks in a horizontal position, with his or her dominant foot forward.[3] Track stands executed on bicycles with a freewheel usually employ a small uphill section of ground.[1] The uphill needs to be sufficient to allow the rider to create backward motion by relaxing pressure on the pedals, thus allowing the bike to roll backwards. Once the track stand is mastered, even a very tiny uphill section is sufficient: e.g. the camber of the road, a raised road marking, and so on.[3] If a fixed gear or fixed wheel bike is being used a slope is not needed since the rider is able to back pedal to move backwards. Forward motion is accomplished simply by pedalling forwards. The bike's handlebars are held at a 45 degree angle, converting the bike's forward and back motion into side-to-side motion beneath the rider's body. This allows the rider to keep the bike directly below his or her center of gravity.[4]

Those proficient at the track stand can maintain the position for an indefinitely long period of time. More difficult variations, mostly for show or track stand competitions, involve complications such as putting the non-dominant foot forward, sitting down, or taking one or both hands off the handlebars.

See also Edit

ReferencesEdit

External links Edit

pl:Stójka (kolarstwo)

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